In the tabs below you may find the specific information relevant to your pursuit of application and admission to the EMLE programme, including the various requirements for application, the application procedure, the subsequent steps towards admission, and also scholarship opportunities. Please be aware that there is a difference between application and admission, and that we require different actions and documents from you in each of the two procedures.

Dear prospective student,

In both law and in economics, modern young professionals are not only experts in their fields, but are also able to work in an interdisciplinary fashion. This is often referred to as “transversal skills”. Think of a T, with the vertical axis being your particular area of specialization and the horizontal bar symbolizing your ability to collaborate with people across geographical and cultural borders. Both aspects are equally important.

Transversal skills are the key to success in today’s labour market. Attending the EMLE programme, which has been committed to delivering graduate education at the intersection between law and economics for more than 30 years, will allow you to develop these skills.

Here is why: first, you will learn that laws have economic effects and that economic mechanisms vary with the institutional context, which notably includes the laws of different jurisdictions. In other words, you will learn that the world is more complex than you would have ever thought. Then – and here is the good news – the EMLE will teach you how to make sense of this complexity, not just by studying more law or more economics, but rather by learning how to integrate the two perspectives. And finally, you will learn to cross many other borders than just the one between law and economics. Studying at two or three international universities, and meeting with varying groups of people from some 30 different countries, you will become a true citizen of the world.

We cordially invite you to apply to the EMLE programme and strive to spend an exciting year with us in a challenging international environment.

The EMLE Board

Timeline for applications 

Below you may find a general timeline for the application and admission process. The exact deadlines differ per year. Please note that the entire procedure consists of two parts. The first part is the application process and the second part is the admission process. The application process runs from the opening of the applications until the moment that the Selection Commitee decides whether a student is admitted to the programme or not. Then the admission process will start.

Application Timeline


The application form is published on the website.


Application Deadline on January 12, 2023 (only fully completed applications, including at least one reference letter, will be considered).


Applicants receive an e-mail stating their admission status (admitted/waiting list/rejected).

Admission Timeline


Admission letters are sent out.


In case of free capacities: admission of the waiting list.
Acceptance of place with the payment of 1st installment of the tuition fee.


Payment of 2nd installment of the tuition fee.
Deadline of submission of proof of English language proficiency and other required documents.


1st term universities contact the students.
Check for visa procedures and requirements.


Confirmation of successful start of visa application.

1. Educational Qualifications

We select for students with at least 240 ECTS (four-years) of prior higher education. This could have been obtained by a three-year bachelor program and a first master’s degree, or by a four-year bachelor program. For more information on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) click here.

Law or Economics Degree

Preference will be given to students with a background in law or economics, provided that their degree(s) lead up to employability in the relevant labour market.

Other degrees

Applicants with a other degrees than law and/or economics may also apply under the condition that the completed study programme includes a substantial number of courses in law and/or economics and/or you can show your motivation to study the economic analysis of law convincingly in your letter of motivation. If you’re in doubt whether your degree qualifies or you have any further questions regarding qualification, please contact

Applicants without a degree

Students who have not yet graduated but who expect to graduate before July of the same year the programme starts can also apply for admission to the EMLE programme. If such a student is selected for the programme, this is under the deferring condition that (s)he sends a copy of the diploma before mid-July.

2. Proof Of English Proficiency 

Once you are admitted to the programme, you also need to provide us with a proof of English proficiency. Please note that you do not need to provide us with a proof of English proficiency during the application process, but that a valid English proficiency test is mandatory to participate in the EMLE programme.

Proof of English proficiency

Applicants whose native language is not English must provide original test scores from one of the following standardized English proficiency tests. For exemptions from this rule please see below. The following table lists all the tests accredited by the EMLE. No alternative tests or certificates will be accepted!

The accepted tests and accompanying scores are:

a. International TOEFL 
TOEFL iBT Test: Minimum score of 95 (minimum reading: 13, listening: 12, speaking: 18, writing: 21)
TOEFL Essentials Test: Minimum score of 10 (minimum reading: 6, listening: 6, speaking: 7, writing: 9)

b. IELTS (academic module)
– Minimum score of 7.0 (minimum per section: 6.0)

c. Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English
– Grades A, B

d. Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English
– Grades A, B

TOEFL test users can choose institutional code C905 (European Master in Law and Economics – EMLE) when taking their test. Do not choose to send your paper score cards to the Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University College or the Rotterdam School of Management! The EMLE directorship is currently hosted at the Erasmus School of Law of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. IELTS test results can be checked by us online with the combination of test date and TRF number. If results can be verified online, you will not have to provide us with an original paper score card of your results.

Please note that we cannot accept any test results older than two years, calculated backwards from the application deadline (12 January 2023).

Proof of English proficiency: exemptions

Reasons for exemption from an English test are:

– You have obtained your diploma in one of the following countries: Australia, Canada (with the exception of Quebec), Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom (with the exception of commonwealth countries and territories) and United States of America.

– English was your first language during your secondary school education for at least 2,5 years in one of the above-mentioned countries.

The application procedure differs slightly for those students who qualify as “European” compared to those who qualify as “Non-European”.
When in doubt about which category fits your situation, please do not hesitate to send an e-mail to

EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme

For application purposes, “European” students are those who have a passport from either one of the EU Member States or one of the EEA-EFTA states (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway), Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). All other applicants must qualify under the “12-months rule” (see below). For more information about which countries qualify as EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme, click here.

Third countries not associated to the Programme

All other applicants are considered as “non-European” students for application purposes.

The 12-months rule

Students whose nationality is one of the Erasmus+ third countries not associated to the Programme (“non-European”) and who have carried out their main activity (studies, training or work) for more than a total of 12 months over the last five years in any of the EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme are considered as “European” students. The five-year reference period for this 12-months rule is calculated backwards as from the EMLE application deadline mid-January. These stays do not need to be consecutive, so, for example, a six-month stay in 2018 and another one in 2019 are sufficient.

(The 12-months residency rule should not apply to the “non-European” candidates who for various reasons and under various circumstances have sought refuge and received a refugee status in any of the EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme.)

Double citizenship

Applicants with a dual citizenship can apply with either citizenship but must choose one application category. It is not possible to apply as both “European” and “non-European” student at the same time and the category may also not be changed after the application has been submitted.

The application for the academic year 2023-2024 is now open!

Please note that all documents listed below must be submitted to us in English. 

If your original documents are not in English, they must be accompanied by English translations.

Degree Certificates

Your degree certificates are the primary means used to judge your previous academic achievements. Each student must provide two documents per degree:

– A degree certificate stating that the student has successfully completed the listed programme and obtained the listed degree and

– An official degree supplement or transcript listing the grades obtained during the programme.

If you have not completed your studies at the time of your application, please attach a full transcript of your grades up to this point.


Each applicant should provide an up-to-date CV in English. We require you to use the Europass template, which can be downloaded for free here. Make sure to list any factors that reflect well on your academic successes (academic honours, previous published works, academic teaching experience) or that might have caused your current test scores to be lower than your potential would suggest (extensive charitable work, participation in student bodies, pro bono assignments).

Letter of Motivation

The letter of motivation is our most important indicator towards your commitment to and understanding of the study of Law & Economics. Please note, that the letter of motivation should consist of two parts. In the first part, addressed to the review committee, please explain why you are interested in Law & Economics in general and in the EMLE Programme in particular (one page). In the second part, you should write a short essay in which you discuss one of the Sustainable Development Goals ( from a Law & Economics perspective (one page). Please keep both answers in one document of two pages maximum, titled “Letter of Motivation”.

Letters of Recommendation

Each student is expected to provide at least one (preferably two) letter(s) of recommendation. These are used as an independent assessment of the student’s academic potential, commitment and work ethic. Acceptable issuers are all academic and professional persons or bodies in a position to judge the professional conduct of an applicant. Typically they are from employers or, since this is an academic programme, preferably from academic teachers. Reviewers should use the standardized EMLE review form, which is included in the application form. Recommendation letters can be requested digitally during the online application process using the reviewers professional email address. You will be notified automatically via email once your referees have submitted your review. Letters of recommendation received directly from applicants will not be accepted!

Proof of Residence

All applicants need to submit a proof of residence for the country they are claiming residence in. Therefore they need to provide a document that contains both their full name and current address. This document can be a statement from the current university or employer or the city hall but needs to be issued before the application deadline (12 January 2023) but not longer than 12 months prior to application deadline. A passport cannot serve as a valid proof of residence!

Furthermore, since European applicants pay a lower program tuition fee, those non-European applicants who are applying as European due to the 12-months rule need to additionally provide a proof of eligibility to be considered for the lower, European tuition fee. This proof consists typically of the passport copy with the respective entry visa. The proof of eligibility as European will have to be approved by the EMLE management.

Assessment of the Applications

All applicants are assessed according to the following criteria:

1. 40% Quality of the university career (including duration, number and quality of the degrees obtained, academic credentials and academic performance)
2. 25% Quality of motivation letter
3. 25% Affinity to law and economics (evaluated by subjects of previous studies and/or the essay part of the letter of motivation)
4. 10% Letters of recommendation

Due to limited time capacities, the EMLE staff cannot provide individual feedback on the specific reasons for a declined application.

Declined applicants are welcome to re-apply for the following academic year.

Only complete applications that are submitted before the application deadline will be considered in the review process. All applicants are ranked based on the assessment criteria mentioned in the previous page. Available places in the programme are offered and admission letters are sent out based on the final ranking of the applicants. An accepted student must then submit another series of documents to complete the admission process.

Required documents for admission

After you have been accepted into our programme, we will ask you to provide us with certified copies of your application documents (e.g. degree, academic transcript, proof of residence). Certified copies of official documents can be issued e.g. by notaries, the degree-issuing institution, lawyers and in some instances also pastors. Please note that all documents must be in English. Documents that are not in English must be accompanied by certified English translations.

For more information about where to send your documents, please visit the FAQ regarding admission.

In addition, accepted students will have to provide a proof of English proficiency and proof of programme fee payment (see below).


Proof of English proficiency

Once you are admitted to the programme, you need to provide us with a proof of English proficiency. You can find the requirements here.

Please note that you do not need to provide us with a proof of English proficiency during the application process yet, but that you are not eligible to participate in the EMLE programme without a test that meets our requirements.

Proof of programme fee payment

After you have been accepted to the programme, you will be required to pay the programme fee. The first installment of the fee, amounts €500 and is due within 2-3 weeks after your acceptance. By transferring the first installment, you accept your place in the programme. This fee is non-refundable in case you should later leave the programme. The second installment (€6.000 for Europeans, €10.500 for non-Europeans) is due 15 June prior to the start of the programme. In case you withdraw, this 2nd installment will be refunded to 100% if withdrawal takes place before 31 July. If you withdraw before 15 September, 50% of the 2nd installment will be refunded. If you withdraw after 15 September, no refund will be possible.

The exact due dates and the bank account information will be sent along with the admission letter. Full and timely payment of the programme fees is essential in order to finalize your admission. All students are expected to send a copy of the respective transfer slip to the admissions office at their earliest convenience.

Chinese students only

a. NUFFIC certificate

Chinese students who wish to spend part of their studies in the Netherlands (Rotterdam) need to provide a valid NUFFIC-certificate. Having such a certificate does not guarantee allocation to Rotterdam, but students without such a certificate cannot be allocated there. A Nuffic Certificate is a document issued by Nuffic that provides an assessment of the student’s English language proficiency and of the authenticity of educational degrees and diplomas. It ensures that all Chinese students are sufficiently qualified to pursue their studies and benefit from their stay in the Netherlands. Nuffic sends this certificate directly to the relevant Dutch higher education institution once it has been issued. That institution then forwards the certificate to the Dutch immigration authorities when applying for the student’s entry visa.

NUFFIC certificate: Exemptions

Students from Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau do not need to submit a NUFFIC-certificate.

b. APS certificate

Applicants with a degree from a Chinese university who want to spend one or more terms in either Germany (Hamburg) or Belgium (Ghent) need to obtain a certificate that validates their Chinese degree. Having such a certificate does not guarantee allocation to Hamburg or Ghent, but students without such a certificate cannot be allocated to those cities! The procedure at the APS takes about two months. A (preliminary) allocation to Hamburg or Ghent is therefore conditional upon obtaining the certificate. Details can be found on the APS website for applications to Germany and Belgium.

Erasmus+ Scholarship

There is the possibility that the highest ranked students will be offered an Erasmus+: Erasmus Mundus Joint Masters (EMJM) Scholarship by the European Commission. EMJM scholarship holders will receive a generous grant that covers the tuition fees, contributes to travel and installment costs and gives a monthly contribution to cover subsistence costs for the duration that students will be studying on the program. Please note that monthly contributions will not be paid for any periods (study/research/placement/thesis) that students will spend in their country of residence. It will also not be paid to “non-European” students for the EMJM periods exceeding three months (indicatively the equivalent of 15 ECTS credits) spent in any third countries not associated to the Programme. Besides payments from the European Commission, the EMLE consortium will provide scholarship holders with substantial insurance coverage over the whole period of the EMLE academic year.

In previous academic years (from 2018-2019 up to 2021-2022), we were able to award Erasmus+ Scholarships to a total of 16 “European” students (EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme) and 42 “non-European” students (third countries not associated to the Programme). Thus, on average, up to 15 EMLE students received a full scholarship from the European Commission each year.

If you are interested in receiving this scholarship, you may indicate your interest in our application form. Once the application deadline closes, 12 January 2023, the seperate application process for the Erasmus+ scholarship will start and interested applicants will be contacted.

Appeal Procedure

There is a possibility to make an appeal against the evaluation of your application. Once we communicate the results of our selection process, and you are informed that you have not been selected or considered for a scholarship, you may write a letter of appeal to us via with your argumentation. For this purpose, please also see the selection criteria for the EMLE programme. We will then forward your appeal to our reviewing committee, who will have another look at your application. In case they decided that you still do not qualify for an EMJMD scholarship or for the EMLE programme in general, the EMLE programme, you may also appeal to the ombudsman. Before sending your appeal, please study carefully our admission and ranking criteria. Note, that no new arguments than mentioned during the online application (e.g. further education, experiences, certificates or documents) may be used in the appeal. Last, but not least, EMJMD scholarships are awarded merit-based and therefore in the order of the ranking established by the review panel. Socio-economic circumstances of applicants may unfortunately not be taken into account in the scholarship decision.

EMLE Outreach Scholarship

The EMLE program is dedicated to introducing and strengthening education in Law and Economics in countries and regions where it is not yet wide-known. Therefore, EMLE annually provides full tuition fee waivers for up to two applicants who are affiliated to a higher education institution and who, upon graduation from the EMLE, will incorporate Law and Economics in their teaching and research. Interested applicants should provide, next to their regular EMLE application, a short project plan regarding how to implement Law and Economics in their work. In addition, they must provide a letter of endorsement from their institution, showing its interest in developing or strengthening Law and Economics in their curriculum/course catalogue.

Therefore, the EMLE program invites applicants especially from countries, regions, or academic institutions in which the subject of the economic analysis of law is not strongly developed or not strongly incorporated into the course catalogue of (their home) academic institutions. Applicants who would like to apply for this scholarship should address their intention within their motivation letter and send an email to for further information. We will especially focus on countries outside the 49 member countries of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA, see link) or those countries that were so far underrepresented in the Erasmus+ program (either as scholarship holders or consortium partners in EMJM(D) programs, see overview in this publication of the EACEA).

Other Scholarship opportunities

Please check the options for scholarships from organizations in your own countries to study abroad. Also, visit the pages of the international offices at your EMLE host universities to search for funding options specific to your host countries.


This list provides you with a number of foundations where students can apply for a scholarship.

Be aware that we have no further information on scholarships nor any influence on the application procedure of the foundations mentioned.

– Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (DE)
– Copernicus Foundation (DE)
– Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (DE)
– Geschwister Büschbell Foundation (DE)
– Haniel Foundation (DE)
– Hans Seidel Foundation (DE)
– Heinz Schwarzkopf Foundation (DE)
– Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (DE)
– Robert Bosch Foundation (DE)
– Rotary Foundation (DE)
– Grantfinder Netherlands
– Scholarship Database Germany

Study in Holland

Colfuturo is a public/private sponsored programme that provides scholarships, grants and loans for high-achieving Colombian students to study postgraduate masters and PhD degree programmes in a variety of subject areas at selected universities in other countries.

Colfuturo offers each student up to USD 50.000 per year for a maximum of two years.  Students may be awarded scholarships for 50% of the loaned amount, with these three requirements: 1) be awarded their postgraduate degree; 2) return to Colombia; and 3) remain in the country for three to five years.  Additional discounts are available for those who engage in employment for one year in the public sector, or as teachers or researchers in public or private institutions.

See the Colfuturo website for full guidance on funding and eligibility criteria.

Scholarships for visiting scholars to the EMLE Partner Universities

The grant from the European Commission to the EMLE programme provides also scholarships for visiting scholars through the Erasmus+ Programme. Prospective visiting scholars should be established researchers in economic analysis of law with a professional affiliation to a prominent university or research institution. Non-European visiting scholars can apply to the Consortium throughout the year. Full applications, including a CV and a detailed research project, can be sent to This funding option is NOT intended for students. Applications from prospective students or from individuals having no established academic experience in economic analysis of law will NOT be considered.

Tuition fees are calculated on the basis of one fiscal year. This means that the fees outlined below cover the cost of tuition for the entire programme (as opposed to one trimester). Click here to see what application category fits your situation.

– The tuition fee for “European Students” (EU Member States and third countries associated to the Programme) is € 6,500.
– The tuition fee for “non-European Students” (third countries not associated to the Programme) is € 11,000.

Successful applicants will be required to pay the first installment of € 500 within a few weeks of receiving the admission letter. This payment is non-refundable in case you later decide not to take up your place in the programme. Please note that if a candidate does not commence the programme or if he or she leaves the programme the 2nd installment of the tuition fees will be reimbursed as follows: 100% until 31 July; 50% until 15 September; no refund after 15 September.

Other costs

The tuition fees cover the provision of the teaching, as well as some EMLE-related social activities.

Additional costs for books and study materials vary per course and partner-university, though we strive to make substantial use of open access study materials.

The responsibility to meet the costs of living and travel expenses (except for travel to the Midterm Meeting) rests with the students. It should be noted that the cost of living may differ substantially between cities. As a rough guide, accommodations costs alone are around €350 – €450 per month in Hamburg and €400 – €500 in Rotterdam. Mumbai on the other hand requires high travel expenditures but compensates for this with low running costs (about €250 for both accommodation and living costs). The partner universities may charge small additional fees for issuing non-standard degree documents.

More information on the living costs at the EMLE partner universities can be found here.

FAQ regarding application

Do I already need to provide a proof of English proficiency during the application?

No, we only require a proof of English proficiency from admitted students. You do not need to take an English test before the application deadline. If you already have a test result that could serve as proof of English proficiency, you are free to sent it to us at so that we can inform you in case it does not meet our requirements. This is just for your awareness and will not affect your application review.

What happens if I can’t provide the necessary application documents?

All application requirements have to be met before the deadline mid-January. Should you fail to provide the required documents, your application to the programme is incomplete and will not be reviewed.

Do I have to provide original documents for the application?

No. The application is completely online. As such only electronic copies must be provided. Once we have admitted students (usually in March), we require the admitted students to send original documents.

What suffices as a proof of residence?

The proof of residence should be a residence certificate issued in accordance with the candidate’s municipality normal registration rules or a certificate from the candidate’s place of work, study or training issued by the employer or institution in question. The document must have been issued within 12 months before the application deadline. Furthermore, the document needs to contain the date at which it was signed, your name and the place where you live. A passport cannot serve as a proof of residence!

I do not have a background in Law or Economics, am I eligible to apply?

We require that students without a background in Law or Economics have taken a substantial amount of courses relevant to the EMLE programme. In order to judge this, we need a scan of your transcript of records or a list of your courses. Please send this to

Where can I find the standard form for the recommendation letter?

In the application form, you will find a section about recommendation letters. Here you should enter the (professional!) email addresses of your reviewers. They will automatically receive an email with the standard review form and an upload link.

I want to submit more than two recommendation letters, is this possible?

No, the maximum number of letters is two per applicant.

I have not graduated yet, so I cannot upload a diploma to the application form. What should I do?

If that is the case, you do not need to upload your diploma. Please upload a transcript of grades that shows the courses you have completed so far. Preferably (but not mandatory), this document also contains your expected date of graduation or a letter from your university stating this.

The application deadline has passed for the next academic year but I would still like to join the program next year – what are the options?

If the official application deadline has passed, there still might be the option for late applications to the program. To inquire, please contact the EMLE office at Late applications can eventually be accepted if the applications pass the review procedure, if there are still spots at the different University partners and if the application can be submitted still in time for students to join the program from the start. It is possible, that desired tracks or term locations will not be available any longer. Also, late applicants may not be nominated for Erasmus+: Erasmus Mundus (EMJMD) scholarships.

How can I apply for the Erasmus+ Scholarship?

There is the possibility that the highest ranked students will be offered an Erasmus+: Erasmus Mundus Joint Masters (EMJM) scholarship by the European Commission. If you are admitted to the EMLE Program, you will automatically be considered in the allocation of the scholarships (you do not have to apply for it yourself). If you are interested in receiving this scholarship, you may indicate your interest in our application form. Once the application deadline closes, 12 January 2023, the separate application process for the Erasmus+ scholarship will start and interested applicants will be contacted.

FAQ regarding admission

I cannot accept my place this year. Can the offer be deferred?

In accordance with the official regulations stipulated by the European Commission, an offer or acceptance into the EMLE programme cannot be deferred to the following academic year. As a result, the applicant would have to re-submit his/her application during the following application cycle. Please note that such applicant, who has previously been accepted, is very welcome to refer to such previous offer in the course of the re-application.

Why was my application denied?

Due to the large number of applications, the staff cannot provide individualized feedback on your application. You can click here for the relevant rating criteria.

I was accepted but I do not like my allocations. Can these be changed?

The admission letter contains an allocation for all three terms. By paying the 500 Euro instalment for the tuition fee, an applicant officially accepts the allocations stated in the admission letter. Should an applicant desire to be reallocated to a more preferred location, she/he should contact the admissions staff. The conditions, deadlines and contact details for such a request are contained in the admission letter. Please note that reallocation requests can only be accommodated to the extent of available capacities at the respective locations.

What is the waiting list?

All students who fulfil the academic requirements of the EMLE but have not been ranked high enough to obtain one of the limited places in the programme are placed on a waiting list. If higher-ranked applicants decide not to accept the offered place, applicants on the reserve list will be contacted in order of their ranking. Typically such offers are made between the end of March and the end of April.

I have not been accepted. Can I re-apply next year?

Both applicants who cannot accept our offer this year (see above) and declined applicants are most welcome to re-apply for the next academic year. Please note that a transfer of this year´s results and/or information to the next year is not possible. The application form and the exact requirements normally change between years. For this reason any re-application has to be started fresh (i.e. the application form has to be filled in again).

English was the language of communication during my studies, does this exempt me from a proof of English proficiency?

No, you still need to provide a proof of English proficiency unless one of the exemptions applies to you.

To what address should I send any documents?

First of all, only send in hard copies of documents when requested to do so. Applicants do not have to send us any hard copies of their application.

When using regular post:

P.O. Box 1738, L7-33
Burgermeester Oudlaan
3000 DR Rotterdam
The Netherlands

When using track&trace or courier services:

EMLE management office
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam
The Netherlands
Room L7-033 (Sanders building)